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Table 1 Concentration of pesticide residues per fruit and vegetable type compared with the MRLs

From: An assessment of health risks posed by consumption of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables among residents in the Kampala Metropolitan Area in Uganda

Pesticide residues LOD (mg/kg) Water melon (mg/kg) Passion fruit (mg/kg) Tomato (mg/kg) Cabbage (mg/kg) Eggplant (mg/kg)
Mean MRL Mean MRL Mean MRL Mean MRL Mean MRL
Dithiocarbamatea 0.000006 0.001 1.5 0.00007 0.05 0.0002 3 0.0006 3 0.0004 3
Omethoate 0.00002 0.0004 0.01 0.0002 0.01 0.0003 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00007 0.01
Acephate 0.00003 0.001 0.01 0.001 0.01 0.0001 0.01 0.00008 0.01 0.0002 0.01
Monocrotophos 0.00001 0.00003 0.01 0.00004 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00003 0.01 0.00002 0.01
Vamidothion 0.00001 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00008 0.01
Dimethoate 0.000008 0.0007 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01
Mevinphos 0.00003 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00004 0.01 0.00005 0.01
Phosphamidon 0.00002 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00005 0.01
Fonofos 0.00001 0.03a 0.01 0.2a 0.01 0.2 10 0.1a 0.01 0.1a 0.01
Azamethiphos 0.000005 0.00002 0.01 0.000007 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01
Dichlorvos 0.00002 0.003 0.01 0.007 0.01 0.0001 0.01 0.0002 0.01 0.0007 0.01
Malaoxon 0.00001 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.02 0.00004 0.02 0.00002 0.02 BDL 0.02
Methidathion 0.00001 BDL 0.02 0.000003 0.02 0.00002 0.02 BDL 0.02 0.000001 0.02
Malathion 0.00002 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.02 0.00007 0.02
Methacrifos 0.000005 BDL 0.01 0.00003 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01
Ethoprophos 0.00008 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01
Fenamiphos 0.000009 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.04 BDL 0.04 BDL 0.02
Quinalphos 0.00003 0.0001 0.01 0.0001 0.01 0.00003 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.0001 0.01
Coumaphos 0.00002 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01
Chlorpyriphos-methyl 0.000008 BDL 0.01 0.00004 0.01 0.00009 0.01 0.00005 0.01 0.00002 0.01
Temephos 0.000008 BDL 0.01 0.00001 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.000009 0.01 BDL 0.01
Profenofos 0.00001 0.003 0.01 0.00002 0.01 0.04 10 0.003 0.01 0.005 0.01
Pirimiphosmethyl 0.00002 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00001 0.01
Fenitrothion 0.00001 0.02a 0.01 0.004 0.01 0.01a 0.01 0.03a 0.01 0.03a 0.01
Aminocarb 0.00002 BDL 0.01 0.0007 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00008 0.01 0.00002 0.01
Methomyl 0.00003 0.00006 0.015 0.00003 0.01 0.00003 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00003 0.01
Aldicarbfragment 0.00001 0.00002 0.02 0.00002 0.02 0.00004 0.02 0.00002 0.02 BDL 0.02
Pirimicarb 0.00003 0.00004 0.5 0.00004 0.01 BDL 0.5 BDL 0.5 BDL 0.5
Dioxacarb 0.00001 0.004 0.01 0.003 0.01 0.003 0.01 0.003 0.01 0.004 0.01
Carbaryl 0.000008 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.00001 0.01
Carbofuran 0.000009 0.00003 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.002 BDL 0.002 0.00003 0.002
Alanycarb 0.00001 0.0001 0.02 0.00006 0.02 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.006 0.02
Benfuracarb 0.00005 0.0005 0.01 BDL 0.01 0.004 0.002 0.07 0.002 0.004 0.002
Methiocarb 0.00004 BDL 0.03 BDL 0.03 BDL 0.03 0.00005 0.03 BDL 0.03
Imidacloprid 0.00003 0.0007 0.2 0.0008 0.05 0.0004 0.5 0.0004 0.5 0.0002 0.5
Acetamiprid 0.00002 0.004 0.2 0.002 0.01 0.008 0.5 0.005 0.4 0.001 0.2
Thiacloprid 0.00001 BDL 0.2 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.5 BDL 0.3 BDL 0.7
Bifenthrin 0.00002 0.0001 0.01 0.00004 0.01 0.0004 0.3 0.00005 0.4 BDL 0.3
Lambda-Cyhalothrin 0.00002 0.0002 0.06 0.0001 0.01 0.0002 0.07 0.0002 0.15 0.0002 0.3
Deltamethrin 0.00001 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.07 0.00006 0.1 BDL 0.4
Cypermethrin 0.00001 0.0002 0.2 BDL 0.05 0.001 0.5 0.0004 1 0.0004 0.5
Carbendazim 0.00002 BDL 0.1 0.0001 0.1 BDL 0.3 0.0001 0.1 BDL 0.5
Imazalil 0.00001 0.0005 0.01 0.0004 0.01 0.0001 0.3 0.0003 0.01 0.0003 0.01
Metazachlor 0.00001 0.00001 0.02 0.00004 0.02 0.00006 0.02 0.00002 0.4 0.00002 0.02
Metalaxyl 0.00002 BDL 0.2 BDL 0.01 0.00005 0.3 BDL 0.06 BDL 0.01
Azaconazole 0.000006 0.000009 0.01 0.0001 0.01 0.000008 0.01 0.00007 0.01 0.000008 0.01
Clomazone 0.000007 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01
Azoxystrobin 0.000007 BDL 1 BDL 4 0.00456 3 0.003 5 0.003 3
Pyrimethanil 0.00002 0.0001 0.01 0.00008 0.01 0.0001 1 0.00008 0.01 0.00006 1
Spirotetramat 0.00002 0.00003 0.2 BDL 0.1 0.00009 2 0.00001 2 BDL 2
Fenhexamid 0.00001 0.01a 0.01 0.07a 0.01 BDL 2 0.03a 0.01 0.009 2
Fenarimol 0.00001 0.0006 0.05 0.0003 0.02 0.0002 0.02 0.0003 0.02 0.0004 0.02
Fluazifop 0.00002 0.005 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.06 0.0004 0.01 BDL 1
Flufenoxuron 0.00002 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01 BDL 0.01
Pyriproxyfen 0.000007 BDL 0.05 BDL 0.05 BDL 1 BDL 0.05 BDL 1
Quinoxyfen 0.00003 BDL 0.05 0.00005 0.02 0.00004 0.02 BDL 0.02 0.00003 0.02
Proquinazid 0.00001 BDL 0.02 BDL 0.02 0.001 0.15 0.0003 0.02 0.00009 0.02
  1. BDL Below detection limits, LOD Limit of Detection
  2. aAbove the MRLs