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Table 3 Examples of some types of biotransformation reactions and the involved microorganisms or enzymes

From: Detoxification approaches of mycotoxins: by microorganisms, biofilms and enzymes

Type of Bio-Transformation Reaction Hydrogenation Hydroxylation Sulfation Reduction of the ketonic carbonyl group
Microorganism or Enzyme Penicillium raistrickii Phenylobacterium Sphaerodes mycoparasitica Rhizopus sp., Aspergillus sp
References (Wu et al. 2009) (Wegst and Lingens 1983) (Kim and Vujanovic 2017) (Brodehl et al. 2014)
Type of Bio-Transformation Reaction Hydrolysis Oxido-Reduction Reduction of Carbonyl group
Product View full size image
Microorganism or Enzyme Aspergillus niger/ Lipase Bacillus pumilus ES-21 /purified lactonase Lactobacillus plantarum Aspergillus niger, Eurotium herbariorum, Rhizopus sp.
References (Stander et al. 2000) (Xu et al. 2016; Wang et al. 2017) (Soukup et al. 2016) (Nakazato et al. 1991)