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Table 1 Characteristics of the studies describing the prevalence of selected bacterial pathogens in meat and meat products in Ethiopia

From: The prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of bacterial isolates from meat and meat products in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Studies Quality score Publication year Study Area Study Design Slaughtered Animal Spatial Source Sample
Type
Bacteria isolates Sample size # positive
samples
Study 1 (Abdissa et al., 2017) 8.5 2017 AA/Debre Berhan CS Beef Market Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 125 1
Abattoir Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 370 2
Study 2 (Adugna et al., 2018) 8 2018 AA CS Beef Abattoir Carcass swab S. aureus 384 36
Butcher Carcass swab S. aureus 384 76
Study 3 (Alemu & Zewde, 2012) 8 2012 Bahir Dar CS Beef Abattoir Carcass swab Salmonella spp. 186 9
Study 4 (Atnafie et al., 2017) 8.5 2017 Hawassa CS Beef Abattoir Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 150 4
Butcher Meat E. coli O157:H7 150 3
Study 5 (Ejo et al., 2016) 8.5 2016 Gondar town CS Other Market Minced meat Salmonella spp. 25 2
Meat Salmonella spp. 50 6
Study 6 (Azage & Kibret, 2017) 9 2017 Bahir Dar CS Other Butcher Meat Salmonella spp. 30 21
Study 7 (Bekele et al., 2014) 8 2014 AA CS Beef Abattoir Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 64 3
Sheep Abattoir Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 64 4
Goat Abattoir Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 64 4
Beef Market Meat E. coli O157:H7 64 14
Sheep Market Meat E. coli O157:H7 64 8
Goat Market Meat E. coli O157:H7 64 6
Study 8 (Bedasa et al., 2018) 9 2018 Bishoftu town CS Beef Market Meat E. coli O157:H7 65 11
Study 9 (Beyi et al., 2017) 8 2017 AA, Bishoftu, Batu and Holeta CS Beef Butcher Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 110 5
Beef Butcher Minced meat E. coli O157:H7 85 0
Study 10 (Dagnachew, 2017) 7.5 2017 Bishoftu/AA CS Beef Market Minced beef Salmonella spp. 102 10
Study 11 (Dulo, 2014) 8 2014 DD CS Goat Abattoir Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 93 3
Study 12 (Dulo et al., 2015) 9 2015 Somali Region CS Goat Abattoir Carcass swab E. coli O157:H7 93 3
Study 13 (Ferede, 2014) 7.5 2014 DD CS Goat Abattoir Carcass swab Salmonella spp. 249 44
Study 14 (Garedew et al., 2015a) 7.5 2015 Gondar town CS Beef Butcher Meat Salmonella spp. 90 32
Study 15 (Garedew et al., 2015b) 7.5 2015 Gondar town CS Beef Market Minced meat L. monocytogenes 25 3
Meat L. monocytogenes 60 4
Meat L. monocytogenes 50 3
Study 16 (Gebretsadik et al., 2011) 8 2011 AA CS Beef Market Meat L. monocytogenes 76 2
Study 17 (Hiko et al., 2008) 7 2008 Modjo and
Bishoftu towns
CS Beef Abattoir Meat E. coli O157:H7 164 12
Goat Abattoir Meat E. coli O157:H7 223 4
Sheep Abattoir Meat E. coli O157:H7 223 5
Beef Butcher Meat E. coli O157:H7 86 8
Goat Butcher Meat E. coli O157:H7 22 1
Sheep Butcher Meat E. coli O157:H7 20 1
Study 18 (Kebede et al., 2016) 8.5 2016 AA CS Beef Abattoir Carcass swab Salmonella spp. 70 4
Sheep Abattoir Carcass swab Salmonella spp. 70 1
Study 19 (Kebede et al., 2014) 7 2014 Adigrat CS Other Abattoir Meat E. coli O157:H7 20 3
S. aureus 20 0
Butcher shop Minced meat E. coli O157:H7 20 6
S. aureus 20 6
Study 20 (Abunna et al., 2016) 7 2016 Asella CS Beef Abattoir Meat swab S. aureus 66 35
Study 21 (Kore et al., 2017) 8 2017 Hawassa CS Beef Abattoir Carcass swab Salmonella spp. 150 2
Abattoir Meat Salmonella spp. 100 4
Study 22 (Mengistu et al., 2017) 7 2017 DD/ HU CS Beef Abattoir Meat E. coli O157:H7 45 17
Salmonella spp. 45 3
Abattoir Meat E. coli O157:H7 100 13
Salmonella spp. 100 1
market Meat E. coli O157:H7 45 5
Salmonella spp. 45 3
Market Meat E. coli O157:H7 100 7
Salmonella spp. 100 1
Study 23 (Mulu & Pal, 2016) 6.5 2016 AA CS Sheep Abattoir Meat swab L. monocytogenes 384 8
Butcher Meat swab L. monocytogenes 384 21
Study 24 (Muluneh & Kibret, 2015) 8.5 2015 Bahir Dar CS Beef Abattoir Carcass swab Salmonella spp. 300 23
Study 25 (Senait & Moorty, 2016) 7 2016 Bishoftu CS Other Market Cooked ground meat Staphylococcus spp. 103 31
Roasted meat Staphylococcus spp. 116 34
Roasted chicken meat Staphylococcus spp. 19 1
Study 26 (Wabeto et al., 2017) 7 2017 Wolaita Sodo CS Beef Abattoir Carcass Salmonella spp. 448 56
Study 27 (Zewdu & Cornelius, 2009) 8.5 2009 AA CS Chicken Market Chicken carcass Salmonella spp. 208 29
Pig Market Pork Salmonella spp. 194 22
Sheep Market Mutton Salmonella spp 212 21
Beef Market Minced meat Salmonella spp. 142 12
Fish Market Fish Salmonella spp. 128 3
          7828 722
  1. Key: CS cross-sectional, AA Addis Ababa, DD Dire Dawa, HU Haramaya University