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Table 5 Identification of awareness and knowledge on mould infection in maize and groundnuts

From: Assessment of awareness of mycotoxins infections in stored maize (Zea mays L.) and groundnut (arachis hypogea L.) in Kilosa District, Tanzania

Statements Response N Percentage (%)
Can you identify spoilt maize/groundnuts? Yes 32 44.4
No 40 55.6
How do you identify spoilage? Insect rot 11 15.3
Rot 35 48.6
Discoloration 7 9.7
Insects 15 20.8
Visible water vapour on grains 4 5.6
Do you sort your crops after harvest? Yes 36 50.0
No 36 50.0
What do you do with spoilt grains? Throw them away 25 34.7
Feeding livestock/poultry 13 18.1
Making local brew 5 6.9
Re-dry and consume 13 18.1
Sell to the market 10 13.9
Throw and gave them to livestock/poultry 6 8.3
What causes spoilage in maize and groundnuts Poor drying 36 50.0
Heaping maize on floor 28 38.9
Use of expired pesticides 8 11.1
Do you know how to identify well-dried pods/ grain? Yes 31 43.1
No 41 56.9
Do you clean the storehouse before storage? Yes 34 47.2
No 38 52.8
Aflatoxins and fumonisins cause liver cancer in human being Yes 24 66.7
No 48 33.3
Have you heard of the word mycotoxins before? Yes 2 97.2
No 70 2.8
Do you know the measures to be taken for controlling fungi and spoilage in store Yes 26 36.1
No 46 63.9
Do you know the right time to harvest your crop? Yes 31 43.1
No 41 56.9
  1. Source: Survey data, 2010