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Table 4 Vegetable and rice samples with pesticide residues detected by GC-ECD in 2017, 2018, and 2019

From: Pesticide traces in local crops of Sancti Spíritus, Cuba: risk assessment study

Samples lindane chlorothalonil alachlor bifenthrin λ-cyhalothrin cypermethrin endosulfan
2017 cucumber nd nd nd nd nd 0.029 nd
onion nd nd nd nd nd nd-0.440b nd
sweet pepper nd nd- < LOQ nd nd-0.026 nd nd-0.171 nd
tomato nd nd-0.123 nd nd-0.030 nd nd-0.024 nd- < LOQ
2018 cucumber nd- < LOQ nd nd-0.204 b nd nd nd nd
onion nd-0.242 b nd-0.291 b nd-2.905 b nd-0.063 nd nd nd-0.069
sweet pepper nd nd nd nd nd-0.027 nd nd
tomato nd nd-0.71 nd-1.633 b nd nd nd-0.046 nd-0.010
rice nd nd nd nd nd-0.089 nd nd
2019 cucumber nd nd nd-0.018 b nd nd nd-0.016 nd
sweet pepper nd nd nd nd nd nd-0.064 nd
tomato nd nd-0.105 nd nd nd nd nd
MRL (mg kg−1) European/Cuban tomato 0.01a/− 6.0/5.0 0.01 a /− 0.3/− 0.1/0.3 0.5/0.2 0.05 a /−
onion 0.01 a /− 0.01 a /0.5 0.02 a /− 0.01 a /− 0.2/0.2 0.1/0.01 0.1 a /−
sweet pepper 0.01 a /− 0.01 a /7.0 0.01 a /− 0.5/− 0.1/0.3 0.5/0.1 0.05 a /−
cucumber 0.01 a /− 5.0/5.0 0.01 a /− 0.01 a /− 0.1/0.05 0.2/0.07 0.05 a /1.0
rice 0.01 a /− 0.01 a /− 0.01 a /− 0.01 a /− 1.0/1.0 2.0/2.0 0.05 a /−
  1. In certain cases, pesticide residues are detected but are below the limit of quantification (0.01 mg kg-1) and are therefore reported as “<LOQ”. “a” Indicates lower limit of analytical determination (default value). “b” Indicates exceedances of MRL values
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