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Table 3 Mycotoxin awareness among selected poultry farmers and feed processors

From: Awareness of mycotoxins and occurrence of aflatoxins in poultry feeds and feed ingredients in selected regions of Uganda

Knowledge ParameterResponseTotal (%) n = 44Farmers (%) n = 17Processors (%) n = 27P value
Awareness of mycotoxinsYes21 (47.73)52.9444.440.758
No23 (52.27)47.0655.56 
OccurrenceYes19 (43.18)52.9437.040.359
No25 (56.82)47.0662.96 
Factors influencing mycotoxin contaminationRodents/Insects/Molds5 (11.36)11.7611.110.145
Poor harvesting/Handling3 (6.82)17.650.00 
Moisture12 (27.27)17.6533.33 
Do not know24 (54.55)52.9455.56 
Dangers of mycotoxin contaminationFew eggs5 (11.36)23.533.70 
Ill-health4 (9.09)5.8811.110.165
Poor growth10 (22.73)11.7629.63 
Do not know25 (56.82)58.8255.56 
Solution to mycotoxin contaminationDrying19 (43.18)35.2948.150.044
Mixing own feed3 (6.82)17.650.00 
Sorting1 (2.27)0.003.70 
Pesticide8 (18.18)5.8825.93 
Do not know13 (29.55)41.1822.22 
Awareness of mycotoxin effects to humans and animalsYes7 (15.91)23.5311.110.402
No37 (84.09)76.4788.89 
Overall knowledge scoreRange0–6   
Mean ± SD2.65 ± 1.922.76 ± 1.752.59 ± 2.060.7357
  1. Differences in knowledge between the farmers and processors were compared using Mann-Whitney U test with being significant at p < 0.05