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Table 4 V, Sb, Cr, Al and Mn in collected samples in fields: minimun and maximum concentration (mg kg−1), Average background value (mg kg−1), ADI (mg kg−1 per body weight per day), EDI (worst-case) (mg kg− 1 per body weight per day) and the Metal daily quantity ingested respect to ADI (%); b) Van Paemel et al. 2010; c) WHO/SDE/WSH/03.04/74 2003 d); INRAN-SCAI 2005–06 2010; e) Leclercq et al. 2009

From: Occurrence of metals in vegetables and fruits from areas near landfill in Southern Italy and implications for human exposure

Metal Material Minimum concentration(*) Maximum concentration(*) Average background valuea ADIb,c EDI(worst-case)d,e Metal daily quantity ingested respect to ADI (%)
VANADIUM Pepper LOD (0.0050) LOD (0.0050) n.d. 0.010 0.0000023 0.02
Eggplant LOD (0.0050) LOQ (0.010) 0.000012 0.1
Lettuce LOD (0.0050) LOQ (0.010) 0.0000090 0.1
Strawberry LOD (0.0050) LOD (0.0050) 0.0000017 0.02
Turnip greens LOQ (0.010) 0.040 0.000021 0.2
ANTIMONY Pepper LOD (0.0050) LOD (0.0050) 0.0002–0.005 0.006 0.0000023 0.04
Eggplant LOD (0.0050) LOD (0.0050) 0.0000058 0.1
Lettuce LOD (0.0050) LOD (0.0050) 0.0000045 0.07
Strawberry LOD (0.0050) LOD (0.0050) 0.0000017 0.03
Turnip greens LOD (0.0050) 0.071 0.000036 0.6
CHROMIUM Pepper LOD (0.010) 0.051 0.04 0.001 Cr(VI) 0.000023 2
Eggplant LOQ (0.020) 0.055 0.000064 6
Lettuce 0.023 0.055 0.000050 5
Strawberry LOQ (0.020) 0.032 0.000011 1
Turnip greens LOQ (0.020) 0.043 0.000022 2
ALUMINIUM Pepper 0.26 2.0 1.8 0.150 0.00094 0.6
Eggplant 0.21 1.1 0.0012 0.8
Lettuce LOQ (0.20) 0.68 0.00061 0.4
Strawberry 1.7 5.2 0.0017 1
Turnip greens 2.1 24 0.012 8
MANGANESE Pepper 0.91 1.6 1.1 0.160 0.00073 0.5
Eggplant 0.91 2.4 0.0027 2
Lettuce 2.1 3.1 0.0028 2
Strawberry 1.8 2.8 0.00092 0.6
Turnip greens 1.8 5.7 0.0029 2
  1. n.d. not available. (*) LOD Limit of detection, LOQ Limit of quantification