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Table 3 The mean concentration of pesticides, their EU MRL, EDI, ADI and health risk estimation through the consumption of ready-to-eat vegetables or salad samples (n = 16)

From: Health risks due to consumption of pesticides in ready-to-eat vegetables (salads) in Kumasi, Ghana

Pesticide Mean (mgkg−1) EU MRL (mgkg−1) ADI (mgkg−1 day−1) EDI (mgkg−1 day−1) HI HR
Bifenthrin 0.034 1.00 0.02 1.17 × 10−5 5.86 × 10−4 No
Chlorpyrifos 0.031 0.05 0.01 1.07 × 10−5 1.07 × 10−3 No
Cypermethrin 0.005 1.00 0.05 1.73 × 10−6 3.45 × 10−5 No
Deltamethrin 0.002 0.10 0.01 6.90 × 10−7 6.90 × 10−5 No
Diazinon 0.040 0.01 0.01 1.38 × 10−5 1.38 × 10−3 No
Fenvalerate 0.007 0.02 0.02 2.42 × 10−6 1.21 × 10−4 No
Lambda-cyhalothrin 0.045 0.20 0.01 1.55 × 10−5 1.55 × 10−3 No
Permethrin 0.031 0.05 0.05 1.07 × 10−5 2.14 × 10−4 No
  1. ADI of pesticides (Osei Akoto et al., 2015; Hossain et al., 2015)
  2. EU MRL of pesticides (EU, 2013)