Skip to main content

Table 1 Small holder’s dairy production system, management and milking practices

From: Bacteriological milk quality: possible hygienic factors and the role of Staphylococcus aureus in raw bovine milk in and around Gondar, Ethiopia

Hygienic practices frequency of cleaning Frequency (N = 60) Percentage (in %)
House cleaning interval Twice a week 7 11.70
More than twice a week 53 88.30
Udder cleaning Yes 45 75.00
No 15 25.00
Cleaning agent for udder Water 60 100.00
Water and soap 0 0.00
Towel for drying udder Yes 17 28.30
No 43 71.70
Hand washing Yes 41 68.30
No 19 31.70
Cleaning agent for hand wash Water 35 58.30
Water and soap 25 41.70
Cleaning agent for milking utensils and collecting tankes (Buckets) Water 1 1.70
Water and soap 59 98.30
  1. N total number of samples, % percentage
  2. Buckets: used as milking utensils in larger farms where tanks used for collection; used as collecting vessels where small no of cows milked