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Table 6 Aflatoxin M1 contamination in milk in the rural dairy system and peri-urban dairy systems

From: Aflatoxin B1 and Deoxynivalenol contamination of dairy feeds and presence of Aflatoxin M1 contamination in milk from smallholder dairy systems in Nakuru, Kenya

Dairy system Statistic Production Transporters Cooperatives Milk bars
Rural Mean ± SD 0.011 ± 0.010b 0.007 ± 0.006b 0.005 ± 0.008b 0.006 ± 0.004b
  Median 0.006 0.006 0.00 0.00
  Range 0.00–0.041 0.00–0.019 0.00–0.022 0.00–0.034
Peri-urban Mean ± SD 0.062 ± 0.019a 0.049 ± 0.021a 0.043 ± 0.025a 0.033 ± 0.015a
  Median 0.073 0.048 0.042 0.029
  Range 0.022–0.083 0.020–0.083 0.019–0.082 0.017–0.069
  1. Means with same letter along the column are significantly different at P ≤ 0.05 and SD standard deviation