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Table 3 Dietary pesticide exposure estimates for specific population subgroups (ng/kg/day) a

From: Chronic dietary exposure to pesticide residues in the United States

Pesticide US General 6–11 month M/F 2 years M/F 6 years M/F 10 year F 14–16
Acephate 18.4281 17.2302 42.6352 29.8366 17.0595 8.5112
Atrazine 0.0072 0.0103 0.0203 0.0096 0.0052 0.0047
Azinphos-methyl 11.1229 32.5191 82.2131 47.7940 26.9670 9.1684
Azoxystrobin 1.1496 0.8092 4.6546 2.2937 2.1211 1.1600
Benomyl 9.2942 57.5515 70.8385 34.5814 17.4725 7.3732
Bifenthrin 0.9997 2.8008 2.1272 1.6090 0.6109 0.3124
Biphenyl 0.3963 0.8070 1.4732 1.1553 0.6452 0.4489
Captan 9.6072 7.0953 72.0200 34.5332 21.3902 9.9809
Carbaryl 10.2073 64.3193 83.9221 41.4619 18.4712 11.6797
Carbofuran 0.3657 0.2989 1.2256 1.3252 0.4160 0.1333
Chlordane (total) 0.0992 0.0698 0.1761 0.1504 0.1270 0.0739
Chlordane, cis 0.0479 0.0220 0.0914 0.0790 0.0598 0.0378
Chlordane, trans 0.0125 0.0146 0.0234 0.0172 0.0198 0.0086
Nonachlor, trans 0.0367 0.0296 0.0585 0.0511 0.0461 0.0267
Octachlor epoxide 0.0020 0.0036 0.0028 0.0032 0.0012 0.0007
Chloropropham 287.7204 242.2743 981.7293 785.8608 528.4143 351.6736
Chlorothalonil 0.1205 0.0000 0.2162 0.1754 0.1824 0.0259
Chlorpyrifos 2.3760 2.5690 9.8882 5.5129 3.8547 2.2513
Chlorpyrifos-methyl 12.7964 12.4004 40.6889 37.3143 23.2516 13.4883
Clopyralid 0.8296 2.3563 5.2877 3.2069 1.8738 0.6758
Coumaphos 0.0068 0.0025 0.0218 0.0109 0.0014 0.0028
Cyfluthrin 0.2220 0.0079 0.1208 0.1013 0.1664 0.0467
Cypermethrin 8.9699 8.1437 17.1238 10.4601 3.8659 6.0168
Cyprodinil 12.9971 11.9101 119.2924 47.1034 31.9188 14.6596
2,4-D 0.6738 0.5266 2.1795 1.8683 1.1665 0.5975
DCPA 0.2398 0.1450 0.5591 0.3654 0.2523 0.1717
DDT, total 6.6482 8.0532 23.1850 18.0708 11.8551 6.3338
DDE, p, p’ 5.9085 7.3662 21.6413 16.9921 11.1399 5.7689
DDT, o, p’ 0.0120 0.0062 0.0156 0.0098 0.0070 0.0100
DDT, p, p’ 0.1471 0.3271 0.6385 0.3535 0.2306 0.1427
TDE, o, p’ 0.0258 0.0530 0.0241 0.0231 0.0076 0.0122
TDE, p, p’ 0.5547 0.3008 0.8654 0.6923 0.4700 0.4000
DEF 0.1086 0.0153 0.4647 0.3953 0.2353 0.1265
Diazinon 0.2394 0.0658 0.3905 0.3455 0.2217 0.2152
Dicamba 0.7488 2.2202 4.8366 3.0227 1.8074 0.6574
Dichloran, total 2.9128 6.4696 5.3965 3.9703 3.9514 1.6418
Dichloran 2.8691 6.4696 5.3180 3.9066 3.8853 1.6323
2,4-Dichloro-6-nitrobenzeneamine 0.0437 0.0000 0.0784 0.0636 0.0662 0.0094
Dicofol, total 0.3547 0.4972 1.5264 0.9061 0.6697 0.2927
Dicofol, o, p’ 0.0345 0.0465 0.2390 0.1394 0.0934 0.0248
Dicofol, p, p’ 0.3201 0.4508 1.2874 0.7667 0.5763 0.2679
Dieldrin 0.9841 1.5196 2.7181 2.1000 1.5493 0.7663
Dimethoate 1.5595 9.5053 6.1889 3.5457 1.8318 1.0376
Diphenylamine 79.6903 98.6515 606.5610 395.4847 180.9575 70.1601
Endosulfan, total 9.3737 11.0237 21.0158 16.0028 10.7486 6.8948
Endosulfan I 1.6268 1.8331 4.4537 3.0479 2.2759 1.4302
Endosulfan II 2.1831 2.4196 6.1116 4.1611 2.9966 1.8655
Endosulfan sulfate 5.5638 6.7710 10.4504 8.7938 5.4761 3.5992
Endrin 0.0228 0.0627 0.0158 0.0187 0.0025 0.0075
Esfenvalerate 0.0281 1.1880 0.1006 0.0843 0.0328 0.0416
Ethion, total 0.4912 0.1987 1.3184 1.3622 0.9313 0.6354
Ethion 0.4869 0.1979 1.3153 1.3588 0.9288 0.6332
Ethion, oxygen analog 0.0043 0.0008 0.0031 0.0035 0.0025 0.0022
Ethoxyquin 0.5940 0.0848 0.7868 1.6565 0.8585 1.0186
Famoxadone 0.1185 0.0042 0.0645 0.0541 0.0888 0.0249
Fenarimol 0.0196 0.0104 0.1187 0.0392 0.0066 0.0055
Fenhexamid 0.9919 0.8467 5.9062 2.5504 2.0440 1.0660
Fenitrothion 0.0132 0.0118 0.0191 0.0261 0.0146 0.0120
Fenoxaprop-ethyl 0.0002 0.1076 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Fenpropathrin 3.3847 15.5940 25.9598 13.3071 7.3449 3.1080
Fenvalerate 0.3790 3.0032 1.0053 0.5161 0.2748 0.2500
Fludioxonil 21.1253 33.0302 66.5408 56.8803 13.5351 26.1458
Heptachlor 0.0593 0.0534 0.1478 0.1303 0.0978 0.0489
Imazalil 0.5742 0.1826 0.3263 0.1806 0.1094 0.0859
Iprodione, total 6.4931 11.0094 26.2975 18.0616 5.8599 7.8378
Iprodione 6.1491 10.3505 25.2904 17.2475 5.6553 7.4416
Iprodione metabolite 0.3441 0.6589 1.0071 0.8142 0.2046 0.3961
Lambda-cyhalothrin 0.6892 3.5221 1.2727 0.5294 0.2707 0.6808
Lindane 0.0693 0.0272 0.2586 0.2933 0.1840 0.0942
Linuron 0.2379 0.2362 0.5644 0.5572 0.3341 0.1655
Malathion 29.6982 24.4021 94.4458 89.6674 57.0931 29.6243
Metalaxyl 1.0858 0.7104 9.1932 3.6071 2.3705 1.1077
Methamidophos 7.9984 13.9201 15.9612 9.7545 7.1500 4.5228
Methidathion 0.9529 0.7878 5.6458 3.3187 2.2614 1.3605
Methomyl 1.9347 1.1424 6.5387 3.6508 3.0433 1.7831
Methoxychlor, total 0.0428 0.0244 0.1006 0.0846 0.0622 0.0199
Methoxychlor, o, p’ 0.0173 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Methoxychlor, p, p’ 0.0255 0.0244 0.1006 0.0846 0.0622 0.0198
Mirex 0.0020 0.0010 0.0040 0.0024 0.0042 0.0021
Omethoate 0.8798 3.6634 1.7655 1.0999 0.8271 0.5772
Oxamyl 0.0466 0.0024 0.0764 0.0775 0.0538 0.0211
Permethrin, total 73.4122 88.3346 101.6469 80.6081 28.9863 22.4073
Permethrin, cis 35.4246 42.4138 48.9996 38.7410 14.0356 11.0349
Permethrin, trans 37.9876 45.9208 52.6472 41.8671 14.9507 11.3723
Phenylphenol, ortho 11.3419 36.9188 22.7534 17.2762 13.4283 7.9713
Phosalone 0.0491 0.1417 0.0232 0.0477 0.0617 0.0561
Phosmet 4.7271 17.3239 19.7964 15.2866 4.9499 5.3718
Piperonyl butoxide 0.0029 1.5171 0.0307 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Pirimiphos-methyl 6.3524 2.0673 19.2953 19.6057 15.6757 4.3406
Procymidone 0.0247 0.0127 0.0508 0.0672 0.0407 0.0377
Propargite 11.6608 16.8366 55.0796 33.4737 6.9992  
Propiconazole 0.0002 0.1076 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
Quinclorac 1.0475 2.4162 3.8001 2.5547 1.6717 0.9916
Quinoxyfen 0.2185 0.1696 2.1860 0.8194 0.5358 0.2512
Quintozene 0.0743 0.0952 0.2157 0.1604 0.1027 0.0518
Tecnazene 0.0008 0.0003 0.0009 0.0008 0.0010 0.0008
Thiabendazole 77.7198 297.9485 615.7219 346.4239 157.2699 67.4992
Triadimefon 0.0033 0.0090 0.0348 0.0024 0.0058 0.0052
Triclopyr 0.0398 0.1179 0.2211 0.1905 0.1436 0.0520
Trifloxystrobin 0.3277 0.2543 3.2789 1.2290 0.8038 0.3767
Vinclozolin 0.8230 0.9713 2.9116 1.5535 1.1562 0.7111
M 14–16 F 25–30 M 25–30 F 40–45 M 40–45 F 60–65 M 60–65 F 70 M 70
16.6332 16.2023 15.7001 21.6464 16.1272 18.6599 17.3764 20.7385 24.0702
0.0047 0.0051 0.0053 0.0066 0.0067 0.0068 0.0085 0.0117 0.0138
8.3018 6.9344 7.9611 9.1004 7.1628 6.4063 10.6951 10.3453 12.4859
0.9070 1.0642 0.3536 1.3359 0.6003 1.4125 1.0705 1.1712 1.1343
5.7494 8.0872 5.3303 7.9251 5.6981 15.7172 8.8867 11.2131 9.4220
1.0640 0.8047 0.8643 0.7484 0.6973 1.7146 1.0494 1.3084 0.9522
0.4603 0.2670 0.2977 0.3111 0.3271 0.2688 0.3726 0.4180 0.4281
5.6579 7.1469 4.0346 9.5369 5.7625 7.9005 8.7611 9.7644 9.2733
10.4841 8.4267 6.1624 7.8695 7.7365 9.6286 8.2916 10.5855 8.9616
0.6874 0.2739 0.0836 0.3614 0.2877 0.2016 0.2547 0.3386 0.4815
0.0870 0.0689 0.0728 0.0768 0.0817 0.1271 0.0962 0.1116 0.1194
0.0416 0.0325 0.0372 0.0370 0.0383 0.0589 0.0503 0.0539 0.0607
0.0125 0.0091 0.0084 0.0095 0.0113 0.0177 0.0094 0.0132 0.0120
0.0313 0.0256 0.0257 0.0287 0.0306 0.0464 0.0347 0.0418 0.0441
0.0016 0.0016 0.0015 0.0016 0.0015 0.0042 0.0018 0.0026 0.0026
525.9805 249.3211 375.2243 191.8389 269.2749 116.9667 224.2651 158.1203 195.8510
0.1221 0.1160 0.0956 0.1034 0.0905 0.3776 0.1823 0.1505 0.1970
2.3484 1.8354 1.9704 2.3210 2.0765 4.0656 2.2079 2.4321 2.1384
19.1060 9.3327 12.5135 10.0469 11.2686 9.4714 10.4018 10.5705 11.0058
1.0531 0.5116 0.6111 0.4960 0.6298 0.6130 0.7019 1.0500 1.0474
0.0059 0.0055 0.0048 0.0056 0.0029 0.0589 0.0034 0.0073 0.0102
0.1485 0.1835 0.3236 0.3696 0.2331 0.3776 0.1847 0.1690 0.2134
7.3911 5.9054 7.3996 7.4440 5.7677 16.1349 12.9267 13.8612 9.2338
4.4096 9.4482 3.2211 12.4248 8.1982 13.2693 11.2770 15.4098 12.2943
0.8322 0.5248 0.6807 0.5106 0.5936 0.2281 0.6328 0.6007 0.6054
0.1457 0.2279 0.1898 0.2575 0.1982 0.2792 0.2255 0.2900 0.2151
10.0929 5.3405 5.8316 4.8189 5.9851 5.9422 6.5278 5.2919 5.3867
9.2297 4.6048 5.4149 4.1668 5.2854 5.1620 5.5193 4.4752 4.6449
0.0122 0.0092 0.0099 0.0120 0.0098 0.0188 0.0136 0.0129 0.0123
0.2212 0.1143 0.1368 0.1157 0.1290 0.1260 0.1384 0.1317 0.1387
0.0166 0.0240 0.0127 0.0230 0.0196 0.0365 0.0280 0.0404 0.0352
0.6132 0.5882 0.2573 0.5015 0.5414 0.5990 0.8284 0.6318 0.5557
0.1867 0.0914 0.1604 0.0800 0.0989 0.1099 0.0761 0.0407 0.0376
0.1779 0.2044 0.1988 0.2714 0.2196 0.3073 0.2134 0.1736 0.2062
1.0057 0.4768 0.5371 0.4497 0.6017 0.5380 0.6243 0.8806 0.8722
3.5281 2.6613 2.5448 2.4112 2.4526 6.1333 3.5399 2.9938 3.5544
3.4838 2.6193 2.5101 2.3737 2.4197 5.9964 3.4738 2.9392 3.4830
0.0235 0.0245 0.0219 0.0210 0.0225 0.0755 0.0320 0.0532 0.0526
0.2921 0.2439 0.2535 0.2669 0.2621 0.4260 0.3315 0.4221 0.3968
1.2978 0.7177 0.8500 0.7267 0.8265 1.1578 0.8707 1.0342 0.9787
1.3173 1.3197 1.0581 1.6276 1.3318 2.3255 1.2750 1.3512 1.5124
65.1788 48.8023 64.6768 70.0400 50.1053 21.8490 78.2527 64.3824 81.6502
10.0291 7.2010 8.0732 8.6182 7.8821 11.6984 8.2978 9.3896 9.2824
1.8862 1.2782 1.4997 1.4701 1.4373 1.5188 1.3303 1.3647 1.3876
2.7102 1.7453 2.0406 2.0020 1.7985 2.3578 1.8384 1.8595 1.8490
5.4327 4.1775 4.5329 5.1461 4.6463 7.8219 5.1291 6.1655 6.0459
0.0108 0.0202 0.0118 0.0198 0.0153 0.0323 0.0191 0.0384 0.0349
0.0329 0.0152 0.0231 0.0183 0.0161 0.1703 0.0291 0.0398 0.0277
0.9142 0.4462 0.5556 0.4021 0.4089 0.5313 0.2811 0.2328 0.2838
0.9111 0.4409 0.5519 0.3982 0.4049 0.5255 0.2792 0.2307 0.2810
0.0031 0.0053 0.0037 0.0039 0.0040 0.0057 0.0019 0.0020 0.0028
0.7313 0.6021 0.7855 0.6930 0.6076 2.0313 0.3458 0.2589 0.3347
0.0793 0.0980 0.1728 0.1973 0.1244 0.2016 0.0986 0.0902 0.1139
0.0032 0.0145 0.0184 0.0167 0.0156 0.0521 0.0155 0.0212 0.0312
0.6234 0.8525 0.2541 1.0779 0.5421 1.1354 0.8992 1.0622 0.9554
0.0091 0.0111 0.0110 0.0176 0.0114 0.0307 0.0082 0.0065 0.0057
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0130 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004
2.0885 2.1623 2.1035 3.0221 2.2667 3.5484 3.2033 3.4172 3.5806
0.2464 0.2754 0.2897 0.3427 0.3419 0.6703 0.4263 0.6357 0.7162
13.5739 18.9030 7.6395 24.7306 19.2154 18.2427 20.6759 27.8568 17.7320
0.0816 0.0474 0.0569 0.0443 0.0543 0.0740 0.0428 0.0483 0.0468
0.4188 0.3255 0.2403 0.5650 0.4071 0.6250 0.7987 1.5949 1.7592
3.7946 5.6403 2.2778 7.4015 5.6484 6.2786 6.2383 8.3525 5.5698
3.5852 5.3320 2.1398 6.9979 5.3389 5.9016 5.8986 7.9255 5.2641
0.2094 0.3083 0.1380 0.4036 0.3095 0.3771 0.3397 0.4270 0.3057
0.2008 0.4422 0.4518 0.8299 0.4960 1.7703 0.9220 0.8178 0.7633
0.1176 0.0677 0.0548 0.0509 0.0754 0.1302 0.0425 0.0358 0.0397
0.1302 0.2156 0.1544 0.2746 0.2104 0.3906 0.2221 0.1815 0.2134
42.7260 21.6705 29.3563 22.6826 26.6826 18.7036 25.9992 24.2481 25.5719
0.3646 0.7334 0.4357 1.0752 0.7592 1.1266 0.9553 1.2109 1.0349
6.0969 6.0924 7.5724 8.8198 7.6102 8.5927 8.3945 9.4966 10.7210
1.5486 0.7018 0.9954 0.6535 0.6442 0.2578 0.7235 0.9699 0.7849
1.5201 1.6876 1.0198 2.2454 1.3298 1.9276 1.7928 1.9009 1.8352
0.0331 0.0443 0.0364 0.0434 0.0402 0.0474 0.0454 0.0268 0.0340
0.0005 0.0215 0.0150 0.0220 0.0194 0.0042 0.0214 0.0118 0.0162
0.0326 0.0228 0.0214 0.0214 0.0208 0.0432 0.0241 0.0150 0.0178
0.0012 0.0017 0.0014 0.0016 0.0016 0.0021 0.0022 0.0021 0.0019
0.6311 0.7045 0.7028 0.9551 0.7554 1.4615 0.8879 0.8878 0.8731
0.0387 0.0272 0.0453 0.0432 0.0400 0.0714 0.0536 0.0423 0.0630
80.2934 57.2709 66.1862 56.3328 48.4414 130.2292 82.2046 101.4862 72.1103
38.5280 27.6290 31.8599 27.3468 23.4409 62.8005 39.6630 48.7888 34.8039
41.7654 29.6419 34.3263 28.9859 25.0005 67.4286 42.5416 52.6974 37.3064
23.6654 7.2615 6.2418 10.2150 9.1555 27.4469 13.1577 17.8501 14.0892
0.0464 0.0734 0.0799 0.0449 0.0500 0.0703 0.0111 0.0071 0.0156
3.2591 3.8788 2.2576 5.1557 3.9565 4.5583 4.6251 5.6095 4.2228
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.1823 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
8.1045 5.2557 6.2427 5.4557 4.8230 8.8276 5.5365 3.4975 3.7984
0.0648 0.0205 0.0188 0.0278 0.0245 0.0266 0.0167 0.0188 0.0194
6.6315 9.0565 5.8634 12.0346 9.6961 19.5833 10.0678 15.6229 13.0497
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0130 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004
1.2727 1.1870 1.1458 0.9132 0.9463 0.4484 0.7726 0.5402 0.4990
0.0542 0.1524 0.0542 0.2101 0.1428 0.2083 0.1836 0.2548 0.1979
0.0740 0.0637 0.0553 0.0663 0.0544 0.0693 0.0682 0.0857 0.0783
0.0013 0.0006 0.0009 0.0007 0.0008 0.0005 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009
70.3642 49.8231 61.0063 63.9146 52.3844 42.6089 75.2598 78.1656 84.9818
0.0013 0.0032 0.0041 0.0019 0.0024 0.0052 0.0017 0.0018 0.0020
0.0901 0.0397 0.0396 0.0265 0.0275 0.0339 0.0194 0.0150 0.0138
0.0813 0.2287 0.0813 0.3152 0.2141 0.3125 0.2754 0.3822 0.2968
0.5821 0.7231 0.3974 0.8727 0.5666 0.9401 0.8155 0.9626 0.9968
  1. aLevels in bold represent highest exposed population subgroup