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Table 3 Farmers’ and traders’ perception on pre-and post-harvest practices that lead to aflatoxin contamination (n = 105, %) in eastern Ethiopia in 2014

From: Stakeholders’ perception about aflatoxin contamination in groundnut (arachis hypogaea L.) along the value chain actors in eastern Ethiopia

Questions Responses Proportions
Farmers Traders
1. Do you dry nuts? Yes 69 (92 %) 25 (83.3 %)
No 6 (8 %)* 5 (16.7 %)
2. What drying method(s) do you use? Or are you aware of drying method(s)? Spreading on the ground 65 (86.7 %) 23 (76.7 %)
On raised platform 10 (13.3 %) 7 (23.3 %)
3.Do you store in mixed used structures? Yes 70 (93.3 %) 20 (66.7 %)
No 5 (6.7 %) 10 (33.3 %)
4. What storage method do you use? Polythene sacks 72 (96 %) 21 (70 %)
Jute sacks 3 (4 %) 9 (30 %)
5. Do you sort nuts? Yes 55 (73.3 %) 27 (90 %)
No 20 (26.7 %) 3 (10 %)
6. How do you identify spoiled nuts? Change in Color 71 (94.6 %) 24 (80 %)
Insect Infestation 4 (5.4 %) 6 (20 %)
7. What do you do to spoiled nuts? Throw away 70 (93.3 %) 26 (86.7 %)
Processed to soup 5 (6.7 %) 4 (13.3 %)
8 Does mechanical injury to pods lead to AF contamination? Yes 35 (46.7 %) 10 (33.3 %)
No 40 (53.3 %) 20 (66.7 %)
9. Does end of season drought for 20 days lead to AF contamination? Yes 25 (33.3 %) 5 (16.7 %)
No 50 (66.7 %) 25 (83.3 %)
10. Does aflatoxin contamination occur at any time during pre-harvest? Yes 20 (26.7 %) 3 (10 %)
No 55 (73.3 %) 90 %)
  1. *Respondants that uses nuts in boiled form but they knows methods of nut drying